A guardianship is a court proceeding in which a guardianship is appointed by the court to protect a minor or a minor’s estate. Oftentimes, a guardian of a minor is appointed to protect the child’s interest while the parents of the child are still living. Guardianships of the person are usually established by a relative when necessary to protect the minor child from abuse or neglect or in situations where the child has been residing with a person for a lengthy time and emotional harm would result if the child was removed from that person’s home. Guardianships of the estate usually arise when a minor child receives a large cash settlement or significant inheritance and those funds need to be protected. In California, guardianship matters are heard in the probate court.